The first bitcoin was mined in early 2009, with the genesis block mined by Satoshi Nakamoto on January 3rd 2009. Just over a week later, on January 9th, the bitcoin network came into existence with fourteen blocks worth 50 bitcoin, and pretty much every day since. It would take nearly two more years for bitcoin mining pools to emerge. The first of these, which became known as Slush’s pool, began generating blocks (according to it’s own stats), with block 97384 on December 10th 2010.
A number of other pools then tried various different approaches, including Bitminter, BTC Guild, Deepbit, Eligius, NMCBit, P2Pool, Simplecoin, YourBTC, and others working in private pools, or individuals. During this time, the bitcoin price, where it could be exchanged, was in the cents to a few dollars range.
This page gives information extracted from the blockchain showing publically known blocks found in the years below.
Bitcoin mined in 2009[table “16” not found /]
Bitcoin mined in 2010[table “17” not found /]
Bitcoin mined in 2011